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Paulius Augius-Augustinavicius was born on September 2, 1909 in Zemaiciu Kalvarija, Lithuania. The childhood impressions of the natural beauty of the surrounding area and the annual religious festivals in July stayed with him and inspired his art. His family later moved to Telsiai, where Paulius attended high school. He eagerly participated in a variety of sports.
In 1929 Paulius enrolled in an art school in Kaunas, where he remained to complete a six year course. Among his instructors were the distinguished Lithuanian artists of the day, such as Vladas Didziokas, Adomas Galdikas, Jonas Janulis, Petras Kalpokas, Jonas Mackevicius, Jonas Sileika, Kajetonas Sklerys-Sklerius, Ignas Slapelis, Adomas Varnas, Justinas Vienozinskis, Juozas Zikaras, and Adomas Zmuidzinavicius. Through the efforts of Adomas Galdikas, Paulius and a number of other students studied graphic art for four years in addition to the general course. Thus, the graduating class of 1935 included an exceptional group of graphic artists: Paulius Augius, Alfonsas Dargis, Vytautas Jurkunas, Marce Katiliute, Antanas Kucas, Viktoras Petravicius, Vaclovas Ratas-Rataiskis, Irena Treciokaite, Kipras Saulys, Liuda Vaineikyte, and Liudas Vilimas. While still in school, Paulius produced his first woodcuts and woodcuts on cross-grained wood became the favorite medium for his creative output.
In the fall of 1935 Paulius went to Paris, where he studied under Marcel Magne and Jacques Beltrand (at Ecole Nationale Superieure des Beaux-Arts and Conservatoire Nationale des Arts et Metiers). While these studies, which lasted three years, greatly enhanced his artistic scope, they did not change his creative focus - his native country and people. Upon his return to Lithuania in 1938, Paulius Augius exhibited the woodcuts he created in Paris at the Vytautas The Great Cultural Museum in Kaunas and was awarded the first prize in the graphic arts category.
From 1939 to 1945, during successive occupations of Lithuania by USSR and Germany, Paulius worked intensively. He produced a large number of works named The Samogitian Symphony and illustrations for The Tale of the Serpent by S. Bacinskaite. In addition to his own art, Paulius taught at the Institute of Applied Arts in Kaunas, and wrote articles on art for the periodical press. In 1945 he left his native Lithuania and went west. In 1946 he was the art editor of Lithuanian periodical Mintis and editor of Lithuanian Art in Exile. Art book 40 Woodcuts including his works was published in 1946 in Augsburg and The Tale of the Serpent with his illustrations was published in 1947 in Memmingen, Germany.
In 1949 Paulius Augius, his wife Danute Lipciute, and their four children immigrated to the United States. Paulius worked tirelessly on his own art and on the problems of other Lithuanian artists living and working in the New World. He made immense organizational contributions to the Lithuanian Institute of Art.
Paulius Augius died on December 7, 1960 of brain cancer. Paulius was sincere and engaging as a person. His distinguished place in Lithuanian graphic arts was acknowledged by his peers during his lifetime.
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